Entering Civil Judgments
Entry of Judgment
Serving “Notice of Entry”
The outcome of a civil case is generally a judgment.
You may have received a judgment in your favor after trial,
or motion. The judgment establishes
the rights and obligations of the parties and may direct a dismissal
of the lawsuit, order payment of a money amount or direct one or
more of the parties to do an act.
In order to start enforcing a judgment, the judgment must be “entered.”
Entry occurs after the clerk of the court signs and files the judgment.
If you appeared in person (without an attorney) and you are the
winner, you may ask the clerk to prepare and enter (record) a judgment
in your favor. If you are an attorney, you must prepare the judgment
yourself. Attorneys may go to Entering
Judgments - Attorneys for more information.
Entry of Judgment
Self-represented winning parties must come to court to have the
clerk prepare and enter their judgments.
The clerk needs your court file to prepare the judgment. To find
out where to request the “entry of judgment” in your
county, refer to Locations.
In addition to the amount of damages due, judgments include an
award of costs and disbursements.
You should bring receipts with you to court for the clerk for any
expenses you paid for serving papers. If the judgment is for money,
interest will also be added. The clerk will calculate the amounts
awarded in the judgment. The clerk will then enter the judgment
in your favor and give you a copy.
Once the judgment is entered, the winner should serve a copy of
the judgment with “notice
of entry” on the loser. This service starts the loser’s
time to appeal running. You
can follow the procedure below for each person or corporation that must be served:
1. Go to Notice
of Entry to download the form.
2. Complete the Notice of Entry form.
3. Make several copies of the judgment and Notice of Entry.
4. Attach a copy of the judgment to the completed Notice of Entry
5. Have someone over the age of 18, who is not suing in this action,
mail a copy of the Notice of Entry and Judgment by regular mail
to the person or corporation which must be served.
6. Next you need an affidavit
swearing that the Judgment with Notice of Entry was served. Go to Affidavit
of Service to download the form.
7. Prepare an Affidavit of Service for the person or corporation
served. Have the person who did the mailing sign the Affidavit of
Service and have it notarized.
8. Attach the original Affidavit of Service to a copy of the Notice
of Entry and Judgment that was served.
9. Return the Notice of Entry, Judgment and Affidavit of Service
to the Court, keep a copy for your records.
If the defendant fails to answer, the plaintiff may request that
the clerk place the case on the calendar for an inquest.
If the plaintiff proves his or her case to the judge, the clerk
will enter a judgment. Use the Inquest
Request to email your request to the
In some cases you may be required to provide information to the
court regarding the defendant’s military status or you may
be required to file a non-military affidavit. Federal and State
law require that before a judgment can be entered against a natural
person an affidavit as to the person’s military status must
be filed. This affidavit generally must be less than 30 days old.
You may click on Affidavit of Military
Investigation to view and/or download a copy of the free Civil
Court form. For more information, you may click on
to read the Civil Court Directive on the subject.
Once the judgment is entered and filed by the court, the judgment
is enforceable for a period of twenty years for money. When a “Transcript
of Judgment” is filed with the County Clerk, the judgment
is enforceable for ten years against real property and is renewable
for an additional ten years. To learn more about collecting on a
judgment, refer to After the Case is Over.